4.72 million cases of Nipah virus.
4.57 million cases of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS.
4.41 million cases of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, also known as Ebola.
3.61 million cases of Mad Cow disease, which is identified in cattle.
According to a report released on Monday by the United Nations, that list of infections includes more than 40 million globally.
The numbers, based on the work of the World Health Organization, were gathered from 2014 to 2016. According to the report, the United States recorded on average in excess of 500 new cases a year.
That is far more than in the past, which has seen more than 800 deaths from Ebola, Mad Cow disease and Nipah. In 2002, only 39 cases of Ebola were recorded, for example. A global partnership to tackle AIDS saw 3.4 million cases diagnosed in 2005, and around 955,000 cases of Ebola occurred in 2014.
“If you want to prevent, manage or control diseases like these that affect people in their daily lives, you need to understand the magnitude of the public health response,” Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the WHO director-general, said in a statement accompanying the report. “This report paints a comprehensive picture, letting countries know their challenges and helping us align our resources with their needs.”
Roughly 30 percent of the world’s population lives in areas with a high risk of infectious disease, according to the report.